J Am Acad Dermatol. 2002 Feb;46(2 Suppl Understanding):S113-9.
Defining pseudofolliculitis barbae in 2001: a review of the literature and current trends.
Perry PK, Cook-Bolden FE, Rahman Z, Jones E, Taylor SC.
Skin of Color Center, Department of Dermatology, St. Luke’s-Roosevelt Hospital, New York, NY 10025, USA.
Pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB) is a chronic inflammatory and potentially disfiguring condition most often seen in men and women of African American and Hispanic origin who have tightly curled hair and who shave or tweeze hairs frequently. The etiology is multifactorial. The shape of the hair follicle, hair cuticle, and the direction of hair growth each play a role in the inflammatory response once the hair is shaven or plucked and left to grow. This reaction often produces painful, pruritic, and sometimes hyperpigmented papules in the beard distribution. The result is an unappealing cosmetic appearance, often with emotionally distressing consequences for affected individuals. The diagnosis is made clinically. Currently, prevention and early intervention are the mainstays of therapy. Many treatment options are available; however, none has been completely curative. In this review, the history, incidence, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, dermatopathology, prevention, and treatment of PFB, including the most current surgical options, will be discussed. In addition, new data on patients with PFB from the Skin of Color Center will be presented.